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IWU is a joint project sponsored by Hochschule Fulda University of Applied Sciences, a publicly funded institution of higher education. “K istorii razrabotki Erfurtskoi programmy germanskoi sotsial-demokratii.” In Rabochee dvizhenie v novoe vremia. The Erfurt Program was adopted by the Social Democratic Party of Germany during the SPD congress at Erfurt in 1891.Our target group: Undergraduate and graduate students – those who are interested in global questions of Culture, Society and Economics and who would like to learn the German language or improve their language skills.a program of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, adopted in October 1891 at the party’s congress in the city of Erfurt.
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Formulated under the political guidance of Eduard Bernstein, August Bebel, and Karl Kautsky, it superseded the earlier Gotha Program.The program declared the imminent death of capitalism and the necessity of socialist ownership of the means of production.The party intended to pursue these goals through legal political participation rather than by revolutionary activity. Kautsky argued that because capitalism by its very nature must collapse, the immediate task for socialists was to work for the improvement of workers' lives rather than for the revolution, which was inevitable.Drawing on Marx’s Das Kapital, the Erfurt Program offered an analysis of the capitalist mode of production and delineated the transformation, according to socioeconomic laws, of private ownership of the means of production into socialist ownership.
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The program stated that a precondition for economic emancipation was the attainment of political power by the proletariat, which required an independent political party to fulfill its world historic mission.
The Erfurt Program comprised a maximum program and a minimum program.
The maximum program set forth the ultimate goals and the socialist principles of the Social Democratic Party.
In the area of social policy, the program demanded the introduction of free medical services and a progressive income tax; in addition, it called for effective national and international legislation to protect the worker by instituting an eight-hour workday, prohibiting the hiring of children below the age of 14, and reforming the social insurance system.
The Erfurt Program was the first and only Marxist program in the history of German Social Democracy; a new program adopted in 1921 at a congress in Görlitz and finally ratified in 1925 at a congress in Heidelberg reflected the opportunist degeneration of the party. At the same time, Engels and Lenin criticized its fundamental shortcomings: it did not set forth the task of fighting for a democratic republic and did not call for the dictatorship of the proletariat.